Several other names that are now invalid have been uniquely applied to it:[64], A number of subspecies and varieties have been named, mainly by Dikii, Dunal, and (invalidly) by Sweet. They are steamed, stir-fried, or pan-fried and eaten as banchan (side dishes), such as namul, bokkeum, and jeon. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. 4. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. It is frequently, but not always, cooked with fat. Mites which cannot bite humans may also transmit disease or cause allergies. brinjal is extensively cultivated in all the districts as a major cash crop in an area of 0.17 Lakh ... with non insect pest red spider mite (Teranychus macfurlanei Baker) were the major pests. It can be stuffed. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. 20 Tamil name… Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. Hindi – बैंगन(baingan). In 13th meteorological week the spider mite population was ranging between 7.13 to 21.00 mites/ leaf Other Names of Eggplant. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Scientific name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae : Bacterial Wilt : Cercospora leaf Spot : Alternaria leaf Spot : Damping off : Tobacco mosaic virus Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". Yield losses can be severe for both peppers and eggplant. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. Brinjal Introduction Scientific Name : Solanum melongena L. Family : Solanaceae * It is often described (under the name "baingan" or"brinjal") as the "king of vegetables". [45] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticaeKoch, has been controversial in its taxonomic placement. Symptoms & Life Cycle. All mites have needle-like piercing-sucking mouthparts. Spider mites feed by penetrating the plant tissue with their mouthparts and are found primarily on the underside of the leaf. Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are imam bayıldı (vegetarian) and karnıyarık (with minced meat). The modern Hindustani words descending directly from the Sanskrit name are baingan and began. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. [13] A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. These scientific names, usually derived from Latin, are generally pieced together from words that represent what the insect is or what it can do ("Praying Mantis" = "Mantis religiosa"). 18 Scientific name: Solanum melongena. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[39] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). [17], The eggplant has a special place in folklore. One group, known as two-spotted mites, is the most common, infesting over 200 species of plants. Though difficult to see in plants, thrips can be seen by shaking flowers and new foliage over a white sheet of paper. brinjal has significant amounts of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals called Corresponding Author: ... Eggplants are attacked by several insect pests and mites right from the nursery stage to till harvesting including L. orbonalis (Guenee); ... Scientific name Solanum … The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. A cut open brinjal fruit showing the nature of damage by the brinjal shoot and fruit borer, A country bean pod damaged by the flower and pod borer, A' pani kachu' (low land taro) leaf damaged by the common cutworm. It may also be roasted in its skin until charred, so the pulp can be removed and blended with other ingredients, such as lemon, tahini, and garlic, as in the Arab baba ghanoush and the similar Greek melitzanosalata. Capsicum broad mite. [36] The fruit is capable of absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant dishes. Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. Common Name. Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. and see text. ... A fully grown mite lives for about 2 weeks and lays about 200 eggs during this time. Brinjal is also exported in the fresh or frozen form. The life cycle is completed in 20-25 days. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. Spider Mites. They suck chlorophyll from the leaves, causing white translucent spots and a silky web that can cover the whole crop. The Indic word vātiṅ-gaṇa was then borrowed into Persian as bādingān. Bryobinae Berlese Bryobini Reck Hystrichonychini Pritchard & Baker Petrobiini Reck Tetranychinae Berlese Tenuipalpoidini Pritchard & Baker Tetranychini Reck Spider mites are members of the Acari family Tetranychidae, which includes about 1,200 species. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. Of the several constraints that lower yields of brinjal, ... Common name . [24] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. Its thin skin is also edible, and so it does not have to be peeled. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. 1Senior Scientific officer, 2Chief Scientific Officr (In-charge), 3,4&5Scientific Officer, ... population abundance of red spider mite in brinjal, cucumber, snake gourd, teasle The body of a spider mite is separated into two distinct parts: (1) the gnathosoma and (2) the idiosoma. Scientific Name. Brinjal Pests and Diseases (Eggplant): Let us discuss today Brinjal Pests and Diseases, symptoms, and their control methods.. Diseases of Brinjal: Damping off: This disease causes severe damage to the plants. 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