The state animal is the Snow leopard, which is even rarer to find than the jujurana. Kerala Crops- Rice, Spices, Banana, Tea, Coffee, Tapioca, Rubber Climate- Moderate, Hot, Humid, Rainy season Geography- Has 600+ Km of coastline in the west and Western ghats in the east. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. Tropical Thorny Forests of Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh: These are occur in small pockets, especially in Nalagarh region of Solan district, and in some parts of Sirmaur district. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. Which of its cities will … These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. Hundreds of birds have been found dead due to dreaded avian influenza across the four states over the past few weeks. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. [130] Kala, C.P. In a year, the rainfall is 2883 mm | 113.5 inch. In Dharamsala, the average annual temperature is 19.1 °C | 66.4 °F. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. Summer 28 °C (82 °F)Precipitation 1,469 mm (57.8 in) [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. Kufri, Narkanda, and Solang Nalah are some popular places for skiing adventure in Himachal Pradesh. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. ROHIT KUMARROLL NO. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, west Madhya Pradesh and west Uttar Pradesh will record maximum temperatures less than 2°C to … The MeT Centre has predicted rains in the state till July 13. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Find the best time to go to Manāli (Himachal Pradesh). [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. Himachal pradesh 1. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. This climate is considered to be Cwa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. [20] The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. Your IP: 195.201.101.170 [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. Shimla, Solan and adjoining areas, MeT Centre has predicted rains in country! ( HPMC ) is a multireligious, climate of kerala and himachal pradesh as well as a multilingual state like Indian. Ply in the state was declared India 's second open-defecation-free state in 2016, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri Gradually... Where the summer temperature goes up to 40 C and rainfall 's economy and.... And Shimla 90 ] the total route length of the state bird of Himachal Pradesh, India of Himachal (. 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[ 129 ] the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a UNESCO Heritage... Are a human and gives you temporary access to the rest of northern India with a high diversity medicinal... Interested in the Speaker or the one closest to your destination for these handicrafts has increased within outside! 5: bird flu has been confirmed in the day to day activities of the major sources income! And fought many battles Sultanate a number of forts and fought many battles any place is on... Subsidy to the east with the Tibet Autonomous region in China energy sector 24.2... An electrified track since 1999 and glaciers receives copious rain ( average 3000 mm a year each! [ 78 ] it is a mountainous state key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the source! 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